What is thrombosis?
This is a "critical" a condition for the body in which a blood clot forms inside the deep veins that are inside the muscles. A blood clot can obstruct free blood flow and cause swelling, tenderness, and other symptoms. If a blood clot breaks off and travels to the lungs, it can cause a pulmonary embolism, which is a serious and sometimes fatal complication. In the medical field, deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) are combined under the concept of venous thromboembolism (VTE).
Causes of deep vein thrombosis
- Obesity and sedentary lifestyle;
- Hereditary factors and genetic mutations;
- Damage to blood vessels in trauma or surgery;
- Infections, inflammatory processes and systemic diseases such as cancer;
- Hormonal changes, including contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy.
Symptoms of thrombosis
Deep vein thrombosis symptoms can vary depending on how severe the disease progresses. In the early stages of the disease, symptoms may be mild or absent, so it is not uncommon for the disease to go unnoticed or underestimated.
However, as the disease progresses, the following symptoms may appear:
- Swelling of the leg or foot, lower leg or thigh
- Pain, feeling of heaviness in the leg or foot
- Warmth, redness or hyperpigmentation of the skin
- A burning sensation or numbness in the leg or foot
- An area on the leg that feels hard or hard
- Pain or discomfort when standing or walking
- Enlarged veins visible on the surface of the skin
Some people may not have symptoms at all, while others may only have symptoms in one leg. If you notice any symptoms, especially if you are at risk of developing deep vein thrombosis, see your doctor for further diagnosis and treatment. Often, deep vein thrombosis remains undiagnosed and untreated, which can lead to serious complications, including or pulmonary embolism.
Diagnosis deep vein thrombosis
- Clinical examination: the doctor may examine the patient for signs of thrombosis, such as swelling, tenderness, redness of the skin of the leg. Collect a detailed family history, as well as conduct a series of special functional tests to identify symptoms of DVT.
- Computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): these methods can be used to detect deep vein thrombosis in case ultrasound cannot be used, or if more detailed visualization is needed.
- Duplex scanning: this is a combination of ultrasound with Doppler blood flow imaging, which can help doctors determine the speed of blood flow in the vein and the presence of blood clots, as well as assess the risk of their threat (rupture) for patient's life.
If deep vein thrombosis is suspected, it is important to see a doctor immediately for further diagnosis and treatment. Early detection and treatment of deep vein thrombosis can significantly reduce the risk of complications such as pulmonary embolism.
Compression therapy for deep vein thrombosis
Compression therapy is one of the methods of treatment and prevention of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). It consists of using compression stockings and stockings or bandages to apply pressure to the legs, which helps improve blood circulation and reduce swelling.
How compression therapy works for DVT:
- Improve circulation: Compression stockings put constant pressure on the legs, which helps the veins carry blood back to the heart more efficiently. This reduces the backflow of blood and helps prevent stasis of blood in the veins.
- Swelling Reduction: Compression therapy helps reduce edema by reducing the leakage of fluid from the blood vessels into the surrounding tissue.
- Prevention of blood clots: Improved circulation and reduced congestion help prevent new clots from forming or reduce the risk of recurrent clots.
Compression therapy is an important component of the treatment of DVT and can be used in conjunction with other methods such as anticoagulants (anticoagulants).
It is important to note that compression stockings or bandages must be properly fitted and used under the supervision of a healthcare professional. Incorrectly selected compression products can cause discomfort or even damage blood vessels. Patients with DVT are advised to wear compression garments during the day, especially while sitting or standing, when the risk of blood stasis is increased. A phlebologist or compression therapist should provide instructions for the use and care of compression products.
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