10 jun 2023
Varicosis is a common condition characterized by abnormal enlargement of veins, usually in the lower extremities. This condition can cause a variety of symptoms that range from mild to severe. In this article, we will look at the main symptoms of varicose veins and how to recognize them.
One of the most obvious symptoms of varicose veins is visible veins that become bulging and tortuous. They can be blue or purple in color and are usually most visible on the legs, especially in the evening. Veins get bigger with age. This is due to improper blood circulation caused by malfunctioning valves, expansion and weakening of the walls of the veins.
Feeling of heaviness and fatigue:
People with varicose veins often complain of feeling heavy and tired in their legs. This is due to the fact that the veins cannot effectively carry blood back to the heart due to weakened walls and broken valvular mechanism. As a result, the blood stagnates, causing discomfort that intensifies during the day and may disappear after sleep.
Pain is a common symptom of varicose veins. Patients may experience varying degrees of pain, from mild discomfort to severe pain in the area of dilated veins. In addition, varicose veins can cause leg swelling, especially at the end of the day or after prolonged sitting and standing.
Some people with varicose veins may experience cramps and itching around the affected veins. Seizures often occur at night and can be very painful. Itching can be caused both by irritation of the skin around the dilated veins due to improper blood flow, and by a violation of the microcirculation of the skin. Such a symptom cannot be ignored, as it precedes venous eczema and other complications.
Over the years, varicose veins disrupt the outflow from the legs so much that the skin begins to change color due to iron from blood cells. This symptom indicates a high risk of future complications, and is also partially irreversible, that is, the skin will not change color back.
Varicosis can progress and lead to various complications such as thrombophlebitis, eczema and leg ulcers. Thrombophlebitis is an inflammation of the walls of a vein with the formation of a blood clot, which can cause severe pain and swelling. Ulcers on the legs can occur due to prolonged stagnation of blood in the veins and lack of tissue nutrition.
If you suspect varicose veins and you find one or more of the symptoms described, it is recommended that you contact a phlebologist for diagnosis and advice. Varicose veins can be treated in a variety of ways, including conservative methods (such as wearing special compression stockings) and procedural interventions (such as sclerotherapy or laser vein removal).
Read more about the stages of varicose veins here.
It is important to remember that early treatment and treatment can help prevent the progression of varicose veins and reduce the risk of complications.