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Atherosclerosis Prevention

Prevention of Atherosclerosis and Cardiovascular Disease
European recommendations for the prevention of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease:
  • Complete cessation of smoking;
  • Adequate physical activity: Cannes less than 30-40 minutes, 4-5 times a week;
  • Healthy and fractional nutrition. Eating a sufficient amount of vegetables and fruits in the diet (more than 500 grams per day, excluding potatoes). The amount of salt in the daily diet should be less than 6 grams. It is safe for health to consume less than 2 standard doses of alcoholic drinks per day for men and less than one dose per day for women. One standard dose is 13.7 g. (18 ml.) Ethanol, which is equivalent to 330 ml. beer or 150 ml. wine, or 45 ml. strong drinks. It should be noted that this refers to the maximum safe one-time consumption for one day, and not the average alcohol consumption for several days.
  • Lack of excess weight. Body mass index less than 25 kg / m2 and the absence of abdominal obesity.
  • Arterial pressure lower than 130/85 mmHg
  • Lower cholesterol. Blood cholesterol below 4.5 mmol / L. (175 mg / dl). Cholesterolesterol-lowering drug less than 2.5 mmol / l. (100 mg / dl)
  • Normal glucose metabolism. Blood glucose levels are less than 6 mmol / L and HbA1 (glycated hemoglobin) is less than 6.5%, in the absence of contraindications.
  • Avoid excessive stress.

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